Posts tagged vertex shader
I’ve chosen the title based on the popular article that tries to prove that OpenGL lost the war against Direct3D. To be honest, I didn’t really like the article at all. First, because it compared OpenGL 3 which targeted Shader Model 4.0 hardware and DirectX 11 which targeted Shader Model 5.0 hardware. Besides that, as we will see, the war is really far from over… This article aims to list the most important features introduced by OpenGL 3.x, OpenGL 4.x, Direct3D 10, Direct3D 11 and we will also talk about the promised features of the upcoming Direct3D 11.1 to be fair with DirectX
After the release of the OpenGL 4.1 specification the Khronos Group slowed down the pace a little bit but they didn’t left OpenGL developers without a new specification version for too long as a few weeks ago they’ve released OpenGL 4.2. The new version of the specification brings several API improvements as well as exposes some important pieces of hardware functionality that makes OpenGL 4.x class hardware a great step forward in GPU history. This article aims to present the newly introduced features in the latest version of the OpenGL specification and, as a few months ago I wrote an article about Suggestions for OpenGL 4.2 and beyond, I will write a few words about how does the new specification reflect my forecast.
OpenGL 3.0 capable GPUs introduced a level of processing power and programming flexibility that isn’t comparable with any earlier generations. After that, OpenGL 4.0 and the hardware supporting it even further pushed the limits of what previously seemed to be impossible. Thanks to these features nowadays more and more possibilities are available for the graphics developers to implement GPU based scene management and culling algorithms. The Mountains demo showcases some of these rendering techniques that, as far as I know, were never implemented so far using OpenGL. In this article I will present the key features of the demo that will be discussed in more detail in subsequent articles. Demo binaries with full source code are also published.
With the introduction of Shader Model 5.0 hardware and the API support provided by OpenGL 4.0 made GPU based geometry tessellation a first class citizen in the latest graphics applications. While the official support from all the commodity graphics card vendors and the relevant APIs are quite recent news, little to no people know that hardware tessellation has a long history in the world of consumer graphics cards. In this article I would like to present a brief introduction to tessellation and discuss about its evolution that resulted in what we can see in the latest technology demos and game titles.
The Khronos Group keeps the pace that they set themselves being able to deliver the latest specification of OpenGL less than half year after the revolutionary appearance of OpenGL 4. Abandoning the OpenGL 3.x line of the specification (at least for a while) the new update concentrates on Shader Model 5.0 class GPUs and extensions heavily promoted by the community. Beside all this, the Khronos Group now confessedly opens towards convergence to OpenGL ES making the desktop version of the specification downward compatible with its embedded brother. In this article I would like to present the features introduced with the latest revision of the specification.
A few months ago I’ve presented an object culling mechanism that I’ve named Instance Cloud Reduction (ICR) in the article Instance culling using geometry shaders. The technique targets the first generation of OpenGL 3 capable cards and takes advantage of geometry shaders’ capability to reduce the emitted geometry amount in order to get to a fully GPU accelerated algorithm that performs view frustum culling on instanced geometry without the need of OpenCL or any other GPU compute API. After the culling step the reduced set of instance data is fed to the drawing pass in the form of a texture buffers. In this article I will present an improved version of the algorithm that exploits the use of instanced arrays introduced lately in OpenGL 3.3 to further optimize it.
The Khronos Group continues the progress of streamlining the OpenGL API. One very important step in this battle has been made just a few days ago by releasing two concurrent core releases of the OpenGL specification, namely version 3.3 and 4.0. This is a major update of the standard containing many revolutionary additions to the tool-set of OpenGL that need careful examination. In this article I would like to talk about these new features trying to point out their importance and touching also some practical use case scenarios.
Since the appearance of Shader Model 4.0 people wonder how to take advantage of the newly introduced programmable pipeline stage. The most important feature enabled by geometry shaders is that one can change the amount of emitted primitives inside the pipeline. The first thing that a naive developer would try to do with it is geometry tesselation. However, the new shader performs very bad when used for tesselation in a real life scenario even though there are demos show casting this possibility. If we take a closer look at the new feature we observe that the most revolutionary in it is not that it can raise the number of emitted primitives but that it can discard them. This article would like to present a rendering technique that takes advantage of this aspect of geometry shaders to enable the GPU accelerated culling of higher order primitives.